Orthopaedic Spine Center
450 Broadway St. | MC6342
Redwood City, CA 94063
For Adult Patients: (650) 725-5905

Conservative Care


Physiotherapy, also called Physical Therapy, is physical rehabilitation. It emphasizes assessment, alleviation and prevention of dysfunction. A combination of electrotherapy modalities, manual therapy techniques, and progressive rehabilitative exercises restore normal movement and help patients regain optimum function and independence.

Physiotherapy Modalities

The treatment of disorders of the muscles, bones, or joints by means of physical agents—heat, light, water, manual and electronic massage. Stroke, arthritis, fractures, and nerve damage are common conditions treated. The therapist attempts to prevent pain or further damage and may also train different muscles to compensate for ones that have been damaged. Whirlpool baths are valuable in treating injuries and chronic inflammatory conditions. Ultrasound and short-wave diathermy may be employed for some disorders. Massage (a passive form of exercise) provides stimulation of nerves and prevents muscular atrophy in body areas disabled by paralysis or rheumatic disorders. Active exercises are also prescribed as treatment for various conditions.

Integrative Medicine and Other Options

Conventional medicine is medicine as practiced by holders of M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) or D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) degrees and by their allied health professionals, such as physical therapists, psychologists, and registered nurses. Other terms for conventional medicine include allopathy; Western, mainstream, orthodox, and regular medicine; and biomedicine.

Health care practices and products that are not presently considered to be part of conventional medicine are called Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). Complementary medicine is used together with conventional medicine. Alternative medicine is used in place of conventional medicine.

Stanford Center for Integrative Medicine

Excerpt from: www.stanfordhospital.com/clinicsmedServices/clinics/complementaryMedicine “Integrative Medicine combines the best of ‘alternative’ and complementary treatments with mainstream modern medicine and psychology to provide care for the whole person: mind and body. We are here to help you live more fully, cope better with your medical condition, control symptoms, and participate more fully in your medical care. We offer many services including: Comprehensive Evaluation, Integrative Medicine Counseling, Acupuncture, Hypnosis, Individual Psychotherapy, and Therapeutic Massage."

Chiropractic Care

Excerpts from http://nccam.nih.gov: “Chiropractic care is based on the simple premise that with normally functioning spinal joints and nerves, combined with a healthy lifestyle, the body is better able to heal itself. Doctors with Chiropractic degrees (Doctor of Chiropractic, or DC) have at least six years of professional training. Before any treatment, you and the Chiropractor should discuss your symptoms, health history, lifestyle, and any previous injuries.”


Excerpts from http://nccam.nih.gov: “Originating in China more than 2,000 years ago, acupuncture has become increasingly popular in the United States during the past two decades. Traditional Chinese Medicine theorizes that there are more than 2,000 acupuncture points on the human body, and that these connect with pathways called meridians, conducting energy (qi) throughout the body. In acupuncture, fine disposable needles are inserted at critical points in the body. Acupuncture can affect respiratory, digestive, urinary and reproductive systems, as well as muscle tone, hormone production, circulation and allergic responses.”

The Balance Center

Excerpt from www.balancecenter.com: “Studies indicate that 80% of people in the United States will suffer some form of debilitating back pain in their lifetimes. This is in sharp contrast to some other cultures around the world, where back pain is present in less than 5% of the population. [R]esearch into the differences in lifestyle, which might be related to back pain…[indicated]…People have different posture than we do. And they have little or no back and joint pain. These people stand, sit and move slightly differently than we do, in a way that does not produce the tension that so many of us feel in our backs. The solution to your back pain is an adjustment in posture to a more natural way of standing.”

Books and Other Resources

Treat Your Own Back and Treat Your Own Neck – both by Robin McKenzie.

Excerpt from book jacket: “These easy-to-follow books present education and clinically-proven exercises. The simple and effective self-help exercises in these books have helped thousands worldwide find relief from common low back and neck pain. These books help you understand the causes and treatments, along with a system of exercises that can help you relieve pain and prevent recurrence.”

The Egoscue Method of Health Through Motion by Pete Egoscue Excerpt from www.egoscue.com: “The Egoscue Method is a Postural Therapy program which involves a series of stretches and gentle exercises. It is designed to treat musculoskeletal pain without drugs, surgery, or manipulation. From children to senior citizens, professional athletes to those in chronic pain, The Egoscue Method may help you achieve your health and fitness goals and relieve your pain.”

World Wide Web resources for Spine/Back problems/pain